Picto thématique

Rule n° 191 - The content of each page can be printed without printing the navigation blocks.

Print a web page on an A4 sheet. Put your finger on one of the menu items. Ofcourse nothing happens because printing menus is, in the main, a waste of paper and ink.

#Eco-conception #Presentation #Development


  • Improve the readability and the relevance of the printed content.
  • Streamline the space used by the printed content and save paper.
  • Reduce the energy impact related to the consultation of the site.


Provide a CSS stylesheet for media print, which hides navigation blocks via the display property.


This check can be done immediately using the browser's print preview:

  • Check that no menu or other navigation block is displayed in the print preview of the page.

The navigation blocks can be all the nav menus, header or footer elements such as a search form or secondary links, a newsletter registration form, etc.

Learn more: nav on MDN - header on MDN

By Opquast - Read the license

Overview and background

The 240 Opquast rules are defined and agreed upon by an extensive community of web professionals and academics. These web quality assurance guidance rules started as a list of best practices 20 years ago. They have since been revised every five years and have been tried and tested via millions of web interactions by Opquast community’s customers, including the leading CMS communities which have developed plugins for WordPress, Drupal and Prestashop. The most recent version, v4, was established in 2020.

Each rule has individual technical sheets and the rules can be searched by project phase or various topics: e-commerce, data-privacy, internationalization, security, code, etc, or by themes: accessibility, SEO, mobile, privacy, and ecodesign. The complete checklist is available on a creative commons license BY-SA.

To learn more about the Opquast approach, read this article published at Smashing Magazine

Broad application and benefits

The rules should be applied to your projects from the design phase through to post-implementation , and they should be understood by all professionals with web and customer experience (CX) responsibilities: from strategy to operations, marketers to project managers, and editorial to technical staff. The benefits of using this ruleset are numerous, including improving customer satisfaction, web performance, and e-commerce, and expanding your client base, while also decreasing your errors and costs.

Multidisciplinary verticles - accessiiblity, SEO, e-commerce, ecodesign etc..- starting from the foundational Opquast base.

Discover Opquast training and certification

The objective of these rules and the Opquast community mission is ‘making the web better’ for your customers and for everyone! Opquast rules cover the key major areas of risk that can negatively affect website users such as privacy, ecodesign, accessibility and security.

Opquast training has already allowed over 17,000 web professionals to have their skills certified. Train your teams, contact us

We offer a 1 hour free discovery module.