- Use an international character set.
- Prevent display faults.
- Simplify content manipulation by users and developers.
Configure the server and databases to use UTF-8.
Choose tools (development software, frameworks, CMS, content production tools) compatible with UTF-8.
This verification is carried out in three stages. For each page checked:
- Check the character set given by the HTTP content-type header sent by the server, using a dedicated tool.
- Check, if necessary, for compliance of this meta element header http-equiv="Content-Type" in the HTML code of the pages.
- Check that the content of the pages is encoded in UTF-8 (with no unexpected or erroneous characters), for example by submitting the page for HTML validation with the W3C validator (validator.w3.org).
The W3C Internationalization Checker tool (validator.w3.org/i18n-checker/) combines these three steps.
Discover Opquast training and certification
The objective of these rules and the Opquast community mission is ‘making the web better’ for your customers and for everyone! Opquast rules cover the key major areas of risk that can negatively affect website users such as privacy, ecodesign, accessibility and security.