Picto thématique

Rule n° 114 - Thumbnails and previews are not larger images resized on the client side.

The HTML language makes it possible to indicate dimensions for an image that are different from those of the original image. This makes it possible to create thumbnails and image previews. For example, you can perfectly display a square image with 100 pixels on each side, whereas it is a square image with 5000 pixels on each side for which you have simply resized the display in HTML. The display is small but the amount of data to download remains the same. This directly affects the performance of the site and thus should be avoided.

#Images and media #Development #Ecodesign

Goal

  • Decrease the amount of data to download.
  • Improve page display speed.
  • Decrease the energy impact related to the consultation of the site.

Implementation

For image preview vignettes, use specific versions of them and not original images resized using their HTML attributes or CSS properties.

Control

For all HTML images present in the source code or generated via javascript:

  • Check that they do not have CSS height or width properties which modify the apparent size of the images in relation to their actual dimensions.To do this, use "deactivate all CSS styles" using a web development tool to find images whose dimensions change after deactivating CSS styles.
  • Also check that the dimensions indicated in the width and height attributes of the generated HTML code correspond to the actual dimensions of the image using a development tool.

For example, the following will be invalidated:

  • An image of the type <img height="300" width="600" class="thumb"/> if the .thumb class imposes the CSS properties height: 100px and width: auto.
  • An image of the type <img height="100" width="200"/> if the actual dimensions of the image are 300px high and 600px wide.

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